Posts Tagged ‘Apple’

Mac OS X Autorun Locations

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Author Name
Submission Title
  Mac OS X Autorun Locations
Post Category
Submission Tags
  Apple, OSX, System
Artifact Description
  These artifacts refer to autorun programs and daemons that run at system startup.
File Locations
  Launch Agents files
– ‘/Library/LaunchAgents/*’
– ‘/System/Library/LaunchAgents/*’

Launch Daemons files
– ‘/Library/LaunchDaemons/*’
– ‘/System/Library/LaunchDaemons/*’

Startup Items file
– ‘/Library/StartupItems/*’
– ‘/System/Library/StartupItems/*’

Research Links
Any Other Information
  These artefacts are collected under the ma4n6 project, aiming at being single point of collection for OSX artifacts from where such locations are later shared via:
– yaml library

So that the effort is made only once, and the output reused everywhere.

Using Apple Time Capsule with Microsoft Windows

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John Lukach

AirPort Utility 5.6.1 for Windows

The AirPort Utility for Windows allows Microsoft computers using Bonjour to access the Apple Time Capsule hard disk. The drive is available as a network share through UNC mapping on your PC. The binary data stored in HKEY_Users\S-1-5-1234567890-1234567890-123456789-1000\Software\AppleInc.\Preferences\ will provide confirmation of which volume is associated with your Apple Time Capsule. An external USB connection is available so you could have two volumes listed.

If the end-user setup Windows Backups than you will be able to gain additional insight into the size of the disk with the free space available that may be beneficial in identifying the external USB drive.







User defined inclusions are listed as numbered keys under the Rules folder containing specific paths.

iCloud Service on Windows

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John Lukach

iCloud Control Panel for Windows v1.01

Apple is commonly known for artifacts left on the iPhone, iPad, iPod, and Mac but can also be found on Windows if the iCloud service was enabled. The goal of this post is to provide the application level artifacts that could potentially determine who, what, and when email, contacts, calendar items, tasks, bookmarks, and photos were transferred between devices. It is important to note that operating system artifacts such as registry, event logs, and others will be available for correlation and validation of your findings too.

iCloud maintains detailed logs located in C:\Users\\AppData\Roaming\Apple Computer\Logs to determine the time line of when the features provided by the service were used. Log file naming schema follows this example format asl.221320_23feb12.log based on initial start up and system reboots. Photo Stream log entries provide more granular information on when photos are transferred plus the Bookmark log entries even disclose the primary Apple ID.

The preferences defined for each specific user who used the iCloud service can be found in this directory C:\Users\\AppData\Roaming\Apple Computer\Preferences. Specifically the mobilemeaccounts.plist file contains the account information along with configuration details on each service being used. Additionally the file is of interest as it lists what bookmarks are being transferred to Internet Explorer or Safari.

Media Stream artifacts are located in the C:\Users\\AppData\Roaming\Apple Computer\MediaStream folder. The root level contains a SQLite database called local.db that has the Apple ID plus locations where pictures are uploaded and downloaded on the system. The same path has a DL and UL folder with logs indicating dates and times that a specific number of files were uploaded/downloaded to the locations defined in the database. Each file is assigned a unique asset number like this 0142e0bf66ffe3f3ed826c51e6d3cc4f0eaad7db8d in the logs. It would be nice to determine the algorithm used by Apple, allowing the identification of images outside the defined locations if anyone happens to know?

At this time, there does not appear to be any application specific artifacts for Mail, Calendar, Contacts and Tasks in the iCloud service thus you should be able to use the forensic tool of choice to parse Microsoft Outlook information from the system.

Final artifact of interest is when the iCloud Control Panel is opened you are presented the option to manage the service storage. Looking at the Backups section may give you some insight on the number of mobile devices such as iPhones, iPads, and iPods that are archiving to iCloud with the last successful completion date.

OS X Lion Artifacts

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Author Name
Sean Cavanaugh – AppleExaminer

Artifact Name
OS X Lion Artifacts

Sean Cavanaugh of maintains a Google Spreadsheet at the link listed below. Since this list is community driven and may change, it is not republished here, however, here is a spreadsheet containing the artifacts as of 11-26-11. This list contains artifacts of User Directories, Safari, Mail, iChat, iPhoto, iTunes, Photo Booth, Address Book, Spotlight, RSS, Saved Application State, Preferences, Autorun Locations, Recent Items, browsers, and specific applications.


Research Links


Related Posts:

System Version (Mac)

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Author Name
Douglas Brush

Artifact Name

Artifact/Program Version
OS X 10.x (Client)

When you start your Macintosh investigation it is important to know
what version of the operating system is installed on the computer. The
version of OS X (10.4, 10.5, 10.6) can shape and direct the analysis
as each version has certain unique characteristics for other artifacts
as well as their locations on the disk.

Macintosh operating systems use plist files (.plist) as repositories
for system and program settings/information. Plist files can wither be
in a binary-encoded format (bplist file header) or as XML.

To get the operating system version the first plist files you will
want to examine is the “SystemVersion.plist” located in
“/System/Library/CoreServices/” folder. With this knowledge you
can be aware of other plists and system artifacts that are unique to
the OS under inspection.

File Locations

Research Links

Forensic Programs of Use
plist Edit Pro (Mac):

plist Editor Pro (Win):